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Roses vs Garden Roses: The Differences Explained

Having heard someone mention garden roses and standard roses, you wondered about the differences. Keep reading because we will cover the key differences between the two varieties and essential things that you need to know about each.

Growing Conditions: Roses vs Garden Roses

Most florist roses grow in greenhouses where heat and light differ from uncontrolled conditions in the outdoors. Because of this, florist roses don’t require as much heat or light as garden roses.

Some garden roses grow well in greenhouse conditions, but it depends on the variety. They grow standard roses in the greenhouse because it supplies florists with roses to sell year-round. Controlling the temperature and conditions lets them sell year round.

In the greenhouse, roses grow faster, and they flower two to three times more than roses grown outside. They have better blooms because the wind and rain disturb them outside, and they need to learn resistance.

Garden roses, on the other hand, grow outside where they may need defending from pests like squirrels. If you’re curious about squirrels and why they like roses, I wrote about that here.

Taken outside, garden roses add style and flare to any outdoor space. You can turn garden roses into the focal point of your backyard. Garden roses won’t grow as large because they must weather the elements.

Most roses outdoors will grow directly in the ground, but roses in the greenhouses usually grow in pots and raised beds. In the greenhouse, your roses may have greater vulnerability to pests and diseases.

Garden Roses vs Roses: Purpose

If you wanted to know the chief difference between garden roses and standard roses, that lies in the purpose. Garden roses were intended to make the yard look beautiful. You might throw an outdoor dinner party with the rose bushes adding to a sophisticated atmosphere.

Florist roses, on the other hand, were made to sell to customers. Because of that, they receive more protection from the rain and wind. Florists breed them for the large rosebuds and the lack of damage to the flower. For that reason, they shield it from the outside.

Greater Susceptibility to Disease: Who Wins?

Garden roses have less vulnerability to disease and pest damage because the roses know how to deal with it better than the florist roses. Florist roses will usually have less complex branching habits and be leggy.

In comparison, garden roses have greater strength against environmental stress because they know that they will need to deal with these factors. The conditions presented may be less predictable than inside of a greenhouse.

Some varieties of garden roses do exceptional in a greenhouse because of the lack of environmental stressors that they’re used to. They take it like a breeze and flourish better than their standard rose counterpart.

Garden Roses: Less Controlled

Let’s say that you watered your garden roses. Later, it may rain, and they would receive double the water. You have a harder time controlling the environment with garden roses.

To make sure that you don’t overwater your garden roses, check the weather forecast.

Roses vs Garden Roses: Thorns

Floral roses don’t have as many thorns underneath the flower. You have to reach the first set of leaves before you find the thorns. Garden roses tend to have more thorns, but it also depends on the variety chosen.

Floral roses, on the other hand, don’t have as many roses, and while you have very few without thorns, you can lessen the amount of them.

Thorns protect the flower from getting picked, but they serve another purpose. As the plant grows, the surrounding plants will be grown right over. The prickles and hooks anchor the roses into those unfortunate enough to get too close.

Eventually, they starve the other plants of sunlight.

Should You Grow Floral Roses in the Garden?

While garden roses would look fine in the greenhouse, you probably don’t want to put floral roses in the garden. Why? They won’t look good in the garden because they weren’t designed for that purpose.

Florists hybridized these roses for production, which means that they have longer stems.

Roses vs Garden Roses: Water and Fertilizer

Garden roses don’t receive the same level care as floral roses. For newly planted roses, you would water them every two to three days. Established garden roses may require water twice a week.

For the most part, garden roses and floral roses don’t differ much in this way. The biggest difference comes from the amount of care given. You tend to take care of floral roses more. They might also fertilize these roses more heavily. You want to fertilize them every four to six weeks.

You might choose to fertilize them with coffee grounds. I wrote about coffee grounds as a fertilizer for plants here, and I included a bit on roses.

People Also Ask

What is the difference between roses and garden roses? The biggest difference is the purpose. Garden roses were meant for the garden, while roses were meant to sell to customers. Production of blooms is the top priority with standard roses. Garden roses have a puffier and stockier look.

Do black roses exist? Black roses can be found in Halfeti, Turkey. Most say that the roses only turn black for a short time, and in fact, they don’t turn black, but instead, they turn a deep shade of violet or red that appears black.

What is the best month to plant roses? The best time to plant roses is after the frost melts in the spring of the year. For potted roses, you want to plant them in the late spring for picture-perfect results.


Hopefully, this clears the air on the difference between garden roses and standard roses. The biggest difference comes down to purpose. Standard roses were meant for more commercial reasons, while garden roses exist for beauty alone. Garden roses tend to be larger, and they also usually cost more than standard roses, depending on the variety.

Since the blooms from garden roses tend to be much larger, you only need a few stems. Standard roses need more to get the same results.

How Long Do Roses Last? The Answer Here…

Perhaps someone gave you a bouquet of roses, and you wondered how long they would last. You want your roses to last as long as possible, and we’ll show you how to make them last longer.

How long do roses last? On average, roses last one to one-and-a-half weeks after being cut. To lengthen the rose’s lifespan, change the water every two days and use the floral food from the florist after each water change. Use half a packet per water change and stir the powder into the water until it dissolves.

If you’d like to learn more about the lifespan of roses and how to lengthen their lifespan, keep reading because we will explore this subject in depth.

One Week: The General Rule

When we say that roses last an average of one week after being cut, we’re giving you a general rule of thumb of what you receive from the florist. It could be more or less depending on a few factors, such as:

  • Species of the rose
  • Length of time in transport
  • Temperature in transport
  • Length of time without water
  • Health of the rose bush cut from
  • Cut underwater or not?

That last question may sound funny, but you must cut roses underwater to prevent air bubbles from reaching the neck of the flower. Once the air bubble reaches the neck, the head of your flower will go limp.

You could have the best quality roses, but if the florist doesn’t know this and cuts them out of water, they will die faster.

Roses Die Sooner in the Homes of Smokers

In a home where people smoke cigars or cigarettes, the roses won’t last as long. Place them in an area away from cigarette or cigar smoke because your roses will die faster in this environment. The smoke and vapors will choke the flowers.

You could do everything else to prolong their life, but without clean air, they will die sooner. Beware of placing them near heat vents and air conditioners as well.

Roses Outdoors: How Long Will They Last?

Roses set outside won’t last as long. They might look beautiful as a centerpiece, but you may want to think twice in cases with extreme cold or extreme heat.

Unless you want to use them as a centerpiece for a dinner event, roses do best indoors with a controlled temperature. At the least, you don’t want extreme hot or extreme cold because they won’t last as long. Beware of direct sunlight as well because this can cause them to wilt sooner.

Even indoors, place the roses in a cool and shaded area of the home. Colder temperature preserves the roses for longer once cut.

Seconds Roses: The Age of the Roses

Most reputable florists won’t sell roses known as Seconds without first telling the customer about it. Roses older than three days are called seconds. How long a rose lasts will depend on this, so you would find it helpful to know this. Don’t buy roses over three days old without receiving a discount because they don’t last as long as other roses.

In some cases, you can even receive new roses if you bought Seconds roses, depending on the florist.

Keep Leaves out of the Water When Possible

In fact, you may find it helpful to cut away the leaves at the base of the stem. You want to remove the leaves that rest under the waterline. The lack of extra foliage will eliminate the possibility of bacteria in the water, which would kill the roses sooner.

At the same time, doing this prevents foul odors from taking hold of the water.

The Right Vase Size: Helping Your Roses Last

Believe it or not, the vase size can impact how long your roses last. An experienced florist understands the right vase size to keep your roses longer. You want the stems to fit well into the vase. Too narrow and the stems will feel squished.

Contrast that with too wide, and the roses won’t feel like they have a form to hold, which means that they will die sooner.

Water Temperature: It Matters

To make your roses last the longest, you would choose cold water. Fill it two-thirds of the way full with fresh and clean water. Coldwater slows the decay because it prevents bacteria and mold from forming.

If you wanted your roses to bloom, use water at room temperature or slightly warm. You can replace the water with cool water once they bloom for a dazzling effect that lasts longer!

Remove the Dead Flowers

As the roses start to die at the one-week period, you will want to remove the dead blooms from the vase. You do this because the dead flowers will start to develop mold and bacteria that can kill the healthiest of blooms.

Not only that, but you will keep the roses in your vase looking fresh and beautiful. This extends the lifespan of your roses.

Flower Food to Make Your Roses Last

Previously, we talked about flower food and how it can help your roses to last longer. Not every florist will hand you a packet of flower food, but you should use it if they give it to you.

The ingredients in flower food vary, but most commonly, you will see things like sugar or bleach to lower the number of bacteria and fungi in the vase. This helps the roses to last longer.

You can also make your own flower food by simply putting sugar in the water. A couple of teaspoons will give the roses the nutrients that they can’t get from the ground.

Location of the Roses: Don’t Make This Mistake!

Put your flowers in the right spot within the home. You want a shady location that receives indirect sunlight for the best results. Cut flowers shouldn’t be put in the kitchen or on the tables because of the proximity to fruits and vegetables.

Both emit ethylene gas, which causes your roses to wilt prematurely. While one banana may not cause the flowers to wilt, don’t put them next to a large fruit bowl.

How Long Do Roses Last without Water?

Without water, your roses will last four hours before wilting. This depends on the variety, and rose species that have a wood-like stem will last longer than the soft-stem species. Let’s say that you don’t have a way to give your rose water. You can double your rose’s lifespan without water by wrapping them in wet paper or a wet cloth. They will last for up to eight hours that way.

Rose Petals Last for How Long?

Once plucked from the flower, rose petals last three days. You could refrigerate them at 37 degrees Fahrenheit. The cold temperatures prevent bacteria and mold from setting in. You don’t want them too cold, however, because they can freeze and lose their vibrant color.


How long a rose lasts depends on the species as well. Florists have begun to breed new roses that can genetically last longer than the others. Taking proper care of your roses will help them to last longer, but no rose will last forever. Once you cut them, they fade fast, unfortunately.

If you’d like to grow your own roses, you might pour coffee grounds as a fertilizer. They love it. I wrote about that here.

What Plants Like Coffee Grounds?

Many people throw their coffee grounds away after using them, missing a prime opportunity to make further use out of them. Coffee grounds have antimicrobial properties and can suppress some forms of fungus, wilts and rots.

What plants like coffee grounds? There are over 30 plants that like coffee grounds. Those plants include blueberries, azaleas, strawberries, carrots, peppers, hydrangeas, African violets, roses, golden pothos and snake plants. Most plants that prefer acidic soil will do well with coffee grounds as a fertilizer.

If you’d like to learn more about the plants that like coffee grounds and how often to fertilize them, keeping reading because we will explore further.

Coffee Grounds: What to Understand

Because coffee grounds contain two percent nitrogen in volume, this can improve the soil fertility for the right plants. Coffee grounds also contain 0.6 percent potassium and 0.06 percent phosphorous.

All of this combined fosters a better soil environment for the right type of plants. What are those plants? We’re going to cover that….

For the right plants like blueberries and azaleas, coffee grounds can boost plant growth. It adds organic material to the soil, improves water retention and drainage.

However, remain aware of how if the soil already contains high levels of nitrogen, the extra from the coffee grounds will stunt the growth of many plants. When you apply coffee grounds as a fertilizer, do it sparingly except with certain plants.

You can spot too much nitrogen in the soil if the plants look luscious and green, but they don’t exhibit much growth.

While coffee grounds can boost the growth of certain types of plants, don’t over-rely on them either. You can easily overdo it.

Expert Tip: Some people mistakenly think that you can use coffee grounds for all plants. We advise against this because of the high acidic content in coffee grounds. Not all plants can handle the high levels of acid found.

What Kind of Plants Like Coffee Grounds

In the coming article, we will cover the types of plants that like coffee grounds. However, we would first like to show you the types of plants that like coffee grounds because we can’t list all of them, despite our best efforts. You need to research the plant that you want to put it on.  

For example, plants that like acidic soils like lily of the valley, hydrangeas, azaleas, blueberries, daffodils, nasturtium and rhododendrons will like coffee grounds. Think of any plant that likes acidic soil, and coffee grounds may boost its growth.

Some of the useful nutrients that coffee grounds give to plants include:

  • Magnesium
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorous
  • Potassium
  • Nitrogen

Plants That Like Coffee Grounds

Now, let’s have a look at the plants that like coffee grounds. First, we will look at indoor house plants that like coffee grounds.

Some of the potential houseplants that love coffee grounds include:

  • Peace lilies
  • Miniature roses
  • African violets
  • Golden pothos
  • Jade
  • Christmas cactus
  • Philodendron
  • Cyclamen
  • Ghost man
  • Snake plants
  • Spider plants
  • Elephant ear
  • Bugbane
  • Iris
  • Meadowsweet

Important to note: Sprinkle the coffee grounds onto the houseplant with care. Don’t put too much or you can stunt the growth of your plant. With coffee grounds, less equals more.

Peace Lilies

Use of coffee grounds in peace lilies comes with multiple benefits. You can add coffee grounds to peace lilies once a month. Adjust the amount of coffee grounds based on the plant’s reaction. Most peace lilies love coffee grounds.

You may not want to do this too much more than that because it can stunt growth.

Miniature Roses

Miniature roses do like coffee grounds. Don’t use too much coffee grounds on miniature roses, or they can suffer nitrogen burn, which shows up as yellowing, browning or wilting of the plant. Never sprinkle the coffee grounds right next to the plant.

African Violets

We would recommend a mixture of both coffee grounds and eggshells for African violets. You will want to apply the mixture to your soil every couple of months.

African violets like their soil acidic, which makes them get along well with coffee grounds. They usually want the pH in the soil between 6.0 to 6.5.

Golden Pothos

When used correctly, coffee grounds act as an excellent fertilizer for golden pothos. For the application of a coffee ground fertilizer with golden pothos, we would advise that you apply it as either liquid compost or compost.

You might add coffee grounds to your golden pothos every two to three months.


The coffee grounds promote a thick stem with Jade plants and better water retention. While Jade does well with coffee grounds and in fact, thrives with a little bit sprinkled on, don’t put the coffee grounds directly on the plant. In fact, this is not advisable with any of the plants mentioned because it can nitrogen burn them.

Christmas Cactus

Coffee grounds will work on most succulents and many cactuses. We would advise you to look it up first, but coffee grounds work well with the Christmas cactus. Coffee grounds can restore the right level of pH in the soil for what your Christmas cactus likes to feed on.

Only use black coffee grounds on a Christmas cactus, and make sure that you use cold coffee grounds on it.


You can sprinkle on some coffee grounds to accelerate the growth of a slow-growing philodendron. Philodendrons like the addition of the acidity in the soil and the extra nitrogen. Mix the coffee grounds into the top inch of the soil.

You can either mix it into the soil, or you could use a half-coffee/half-water solution applied to the plant.


Cyclamen prefer soil on the acidic side at around 6.0 pH. You can mix a little coffee grounds into this succulent’s soil to boost its growth. This plant will flourish and show as extra green because of the coffee grounds. You might sprinkle coffee grounds over the soil of the cyclamen every four to six weeks.

Ghost Man

Like many succulents, the ghost man likes coffee grounds. The ghost man likes acidic soils between 3.5 to 5.0 pH. The indoor plant doesn’t like as much acidity, however, so you may not want to put too much for coffee grounds in the soil.

Snake Plants

Popular for its low-maintenance requirements, snake plants like coffee grounds as either mulch, liquid or compost. Don’t add the grounds directly by the plant because it can cause fungus, pests and stunted plant growth.

You might add coffee grounds to your snake plant every six to eight weeks. Beware of how you need to use coffee ground correctly with snake plants or it can lead to stunted growth.

If you choose to compost with coffee grounds, beware because the compost can hold moisture in the soil. Snake plants and succulents prefer dry soil, or it can lead to root rot.

Spider Plants

Because of the rich nitrogen and other micronutrients, spider plants love coffee grounds as a fertilizer. The perfect choice here is to make compost because spider plants like moisture.

Don’t use too much, however, because while they like moisture, they don’t like to be wet. Also, they prefer a soil pH between 6.0 and 7.2 pH.

Elephant Ear

The elephant ear likes coffee grounds, but you need to use it very sparingly, and we mean very sparingly. Don’t overuse it. The elephant ear likes the nitrogen that it puts into the soil, but you may tip the scale so that it inhibits its growth.


With the bugbane, you might use coffee grounds as a type of compost because they thrive in moisture. Bugbane loves dense shade and highly acidic soil, which makes it the ideal choice for coffee grounds.

However, don’t put the coffee grounds too close to the plant because it can harm it.


Plants like the iris even need acidic soil if they will thrive. They prefer a soil pH between 6.8 to 7.0. In fact, you may find that applying coffee grounds to the soil of your iris makes its flowers more colorful.

You have an advantage when you compost the coffee grounds here: It attracts the worms immediately. Don’t use the coffee grounds in high amounts with this plant because it can form mold, which can endanger your plant.


Meadowsweet like dry soil, which means that you probably don’t want to use the compost form of coffee grounds for this plant. It doesn’t do well with held-in moisture.

Outdoor Plants That Love Coffee Grounds

We covered the indoor plants that like coffee grounds, but now we should have a look at the outdoor plants that prosper in coffee grounds.

Some of the outdoor plants that love coffee grounds include:

  • Blueberries
  • Raspberries
  • Carrots
  • Strawberries
  • Lemon trees
  • Radishes
  • Gooseberries
  • Hydrangeas
  • Rhododendrons
  • Pepper
  • Camellia
  • Azaleas
  • Lily
  • Spinach

When it comes to using coffee grounds on blueberries, you will sprinkle 4 to 5 cups beneath each blueberry bush. Once you have laid down the coffee grounds, you will rake them into the soil.

You can do this every two to four weeks. Pay attention to how your blueberries like the coffee grounds and give it to them accordingly. Blueberries prosper in acidic soil.


Raspberries prefer soil with a pH balance between 5.5 and 6.5. This makes them a good candidate for coffee grounds.

They love the nitrogen that it puts into the soil. Berries in general need a constant supply of nitrogen because it supports their shoots and root growth while promoting quality fruits.


Any of the roots vegetables like the carrot do well with coffee grounds. You will have a more abundant harvest if you apply some coffee grounds after planting carrots. It gives them tons of nutrients

Working the coffee grounds into the soil will promote a nurturing environment for your carrots to germinate. Mix dried coffee into the soil, and it will keep the pests away as well since they don’t like coffee grounds.


Before watering, sprinkle a little coffee grounds into the soil. Strawberries love coffee grounds. At the same time, the pill bugs and the sugar ants hate it because it scratches their skin. They won’t bother your strawberries as a result.

We wouldn’t advise that you do this with seasonal strawberries, however. Coffee grounds work best with everbearing strawberries.

Lemon Trees

Lemon trees enjoy a pH balance of between 5.5 and 5.6. This keeps the soil balanced. Coffee grounds add acidity and nitrogen to the soil.

In fact, you might use coffee grounds for citrus trees in general. You may want to let it break down in a compost pile for two to three months before you apply it because this removes some of the acidity.

A good rule of thumb is to stay 12 inches away from the trunk of the tree. You will then mix in 1 to 2 inches of soil with the coffee grounds.


Like carrots, radishes love coffee grounds, and they yield a better crop when you apply it over the top. Sprinkle some coffee grounds over the soil during the planting, and you will see a better harvest.

Another fun fact: Coffee grounds have allelopathic properties, which means that you can suppress some types of weeds with them.


Berries in general, you can’t go wrong with coffee grounds. Gooseberries are no exception.


Use of coffee grounds can make the hydrangeas look even more colorful. They love the extra acidity in the soil, and the seedlings do exceptionally well from the nitrogen that the coffee grounds release.

They work well for the soil as well because it keeps the moisture in the soil. 

In particular, the coffee ground compost does especially well with keeping the soil moist. Hydrangeas grow best in that type of environment.

Believe it or not, you can change the colors of hydrangeas by adding coffee grounds. Their blossoms will turn from pink to blue from the change in the soil.


Rhododendrons love acidic soil, which makes them a good candidate for coffee grounds. You don’t need to put much, but it can go a long way.


In fact, pepper plants love the nitrogen that coffee grounds release into the soil. You can either mix the grounds into the soil, or you can spread them over the top of the soil.

The nitrogen ensures that your pepper plants receive good leaf growth. At the same time, it protects your peppers from sun scalding. The high heat and rapid growth of the peppers scald it.


Don’t overdo it on the camellia plant because too much nitrogen can burn it. Less goes farther with camellias. Camellias like coffee grounds for the high acid content and nutrients that it puts into the soil.

Giving this shrub fertilizer at the right moment boosts growth. Do it around the spring of the year after the flowers fade. Pick off the faded flowers to keep the shrub looking fresh. You can fertilize them in July, and again, two months before the first frost from fall.

Camellias like soil between 4.5 to 6.5 pH. Yellow leaves mean that the shrub didn’t receive sufficient fertilizer, or the pH may be too high.


Another one of the acid-loving plants, azaleas thrive off the acid and nitrogen that coffee grounds add to the soil. They respond well to composted coffee grounds. When composting, use coffee grounds, newspapers and dry leaves.

Azaleas prefer low pH levels and coffee grounds keep it that way. Without the proper level of acid in the soil, azaleas fail to bloom.

No matter what method you use to put coffee grounds on azaleas, the effect is almost always the same. They bloom better. 

If planting azaleas, drop some coffee grounds into the soil before you plant this flower. Whether using caffeinated coffee beans or non-caffeinated, the effects are always the same.

Lily of the Valley

Plants such as the Lily of the Valley both like acidic soils. Their high nutrient content accelerates the growth of this plant, and it can ward off pests that may take a liking to it.

In comparison to other fertilizers, coffee grounds release into the soil more slowly. That means that it could take between two to four months to see the full benefits. You will take a thin layer and spread it over the top of your lily’s soil.

In some cases, coffee grounds reverse the browning or discoloration of leaves. However, this largely depends on what causes it.


Leafy vegetables like spinach do well in high-nitrogen soil. The deterring effect on pests makes them a popular choice in the garden. Be careful, however, because coffee grounds don’t work well with every garden plant. Especially around certain seedlings, it can inhibit growth. Herbs, in general, for example, don’t do well with coffee grounds. They like dry alkaline soil with good drainage.

People Also Ask

What plants are coffee grounds not good for? Because of the highly acidic nature of coffee grounds, they won’t work as a fertilizer for orchids, rosemary, pothos, yucca, tomatoes, lavender, Madagascar periwinkle, century plant and sago palm. Coffee grounds can be toxic or inhibit the growth of certain plants, and you want to know this in advance.

Are used coffee grounds good for plants? Depending on the plants, coffee grounds can promote growth or interfere with it. However, like the plants mentioned above, they can assist the plant by adding nitrogen and creating more acidic soil. Coffee grounds can also attract earthworms, which result in better drainage, increased nutrient availability and more stable soil.

Do roses like coffee grounds? Roses like coffee grounds, but you need to give it to them sparingly. Don’t overdo it. You may nitrogen burn your rose bush if you use too much. Nitrogen encourages healthy and vigorous leaf growth. The phosphorous from the coffee grounds will improve root development and flower production. Beware of squirrels as well with roses. I wrote about that here.


Plants that like acidic soil will love coffee grounds. This fertilizer makes the soil more acidic and puts nitrogen into the soil. All plants require nitrogen for photosynthesis. Some plants may be able to get by without nitrogen, but others, like garden plants, may require supplemental oxygen. If you don’t drink coffee, you can also request used coffee grounds from coffee shops. Many give it out freely.

How To Pollinate Lithops

After three years of waiting, your lithops finally bear flowers. As a first-time plant owner, you want to know how growers get seeds of these incredible succulents. To produce seeds, flowering plants such as lithops must undergo pollination.

How to pollinate lithops? Lithops pollinate through cross-pollination. To perform cross-pollination, transfer the pollen grains of one lithop to another lithop. You can do this with lithops of the same species because cross-pollination with another species doesn’t succeed. 

Keep on reading because we will cover different topics related to lithops pollination.

How to Cross-pollinate Lithops

Lithops pollination involves easy steps, but first, prepare the following materials:

  • Small paintbrush or plant-pollinator
  • Two pots of lithops plant with flowers of the same species

Next, follow these steps in performing cross-pollination.

  • Using the paintbrush, gently dab the tip of the brush to the anthers of the flowers. The yellow part at the center of the flower holds the pollen grains. Dab the brush three to five times to ensure the pollen grains stick to the tip of the paintbrush.
  • Dab the tip of the brush to the anther of the second plant gently. By doing this, the pollen grains of the current flower transfer to the paintbrush’s end tip.
  • Return to dab the brush to the first lithops flower. By doing this, you transfer the pollen of one lithop to the second lithop.
  • Set aside your two lithops and wait for the seeds to develop and form. 

Make sure to place the pollinated plants away from external factors that may disrupt the seeds’ development.

When Do Lithops Bloom?

You can expect your lithops to bear flowers in late November. Some species bloom between March and May or around summer from June to August. It takes three to five years before lithops bear flowers.

The flowers appear like a daisy with white petals and yellow at the center.

When it flowers, you will notice a small bud pushing its way out between the two leaves. Flowers open at 12 in the afternoon and last for a few hours. Before the sun sets, lithop flowers close.

Do Lithops Self-Pollinate?

Lithops don’t self-pollinate. Self-pollination happens when a flower places its pollen to its own anther, or of another flower in the same plant. In the case of lithops, you need to cross-pollinate two plants to have successful pollination. Insects cross-pollinate this plant in the wild. 

Self-pollination doesn’t happen to some plants like lithops. The stigma of the lithops flower matures before the pollen does and sheds off. It means it needs pollen from another plant. This plant develops such a mechanism to avoid self-pollination.

What Happens to Lithops After Pollination

After they bloom and pollinate, lithops will stay dormant for a long time until they bear flowers again. New leaves will start to grow in the spring. Old leaves shrivel as young leaves begin to push themselves out of the center of the old ones.

Lithops undergo dormancy as an act of survival. With extreme heat and little to no rain in the wild during summer months, lithops rest to preserve their water content. This characteristic shows why they can last the summer without withering.

During the lithops’ dormancy period, watering them makes little sense. Leave them along during this season. Water will cause them to rot. However, if signs of withering become visible such as shriveling, moisten the soil. Don’t pour too much water as it will kill your lithops mercilessly.

When To Expect Seeds After Pollination

Seed development after pollination takes a while. It takes between eight to nine months for the seeds to develop into grown seeds. If your lithops grow flowers in March, you can expect seeds around November or December.

A capsule-like chamber wraps these seeds, and these capsule chambers make five to six compartments. In a single flower, you can harvest plenty of seeds. These chambers open when wet — hydrochastic. To get the seeds, you need to soak these chambers in water and scrape the seeds out. 

In the wild, these capsules open when the rainwater wets them. When open, the raindrops scatter the seeds around. After two to 12 weeks, these seeds germinate and grow into another generation of lithops.

Related Questions

How Do You Breed Lithops?

The most common way of reproducing lithops is through seeds. You can also reproduce them by replanting their pups or division. However, lithops grow slowly, why people prefer growing them from seeds over divisions.

How Do You Get Lithops To Flower?

Take note that the shortest timespan before lithops flower take three years. After that, you can encourage them to bloom by adding fertilizer to their soil. 

Do Lithops Die After Flowering?

Lithops don’t die after flowering. However, these succulents undergo a long period of dormancy. Lithops can live for up to 50 years.


To wrap it up, you can pollinate lithops using the cross-pollination process. You can do this by transferring pollen from one plant to another plant of the same species. Always remember that self-pollination won’t work on lithops.

Lithops bloom during early summer, some species bloom during winter or even late autumn. The flowers bloom in the early afternoon and close before dusk. You can expect seeds nine months after pollination. After bloom, lithops undergo a period of dormancy in the early summer months.

You can never go wrong with Lithops, the development of this succulent plant may be slow, but it’s all going to be worth it.

Roses Bloom: How Often?

Prized as one of the most treasured garden flowers, you may have wondered to yourself how often roses bloom. Keeping in mind this flower acts more finicky than any of the others, adding it to your garden will make it look even more beautiful.

How often do roses bloom? Roses bloom on and off throughout the season from April to October. Some roses will go until November or right up until the first frost covers the ground. Before 1867, only once-blooming roses existed, which meant they bloomed once per season.

If you’d like to learn more about how often roses bloom, keep reading because we will explore everything you need to know about this topic, and we’ll also look at how to make your roses bloom more often.

How Often Depends on the Variety

Some roses bloom throughout the season known as repeat bloomers, but other varieties like the once-flowering roses only bloom once. You have over 150 species of roses with thousands of hybrids. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

If you want a rose that blooms more frequently, pick a modern species. You might research the species beforehand to ensure that you have the right one.

Some of the most common repeat bloomers include:

  • Pippin
  • Perfect Pet
  • Tranquility
  • Mortimer Sackler
  • Super Fairy
  • Lady of Shalott
  • Sir John Betjeman

Want to know the longest blooming rose species that blooms most frequently? Choose the Floribunda Continuous Roses, which will bloom from the early spring to late fall. The bushes grow anywhere from 2 1/2 feet to 5 feet tall.

On the other hand, if you want the once-blooming roses, you might choose species like:

  • Eddie’s Jewel
  • Rosa Mundi
  • Banshee
  • Alba Suaveolens
  • Rosa Glauca
  • Maiden’s Blush
  • Cardinal de Richelieu

Repeat Bloomers vs Once-Blooming Roses

Obviously, repeat bloomers will bloom throughout the season, whereas once-blooming roses will only bloom one time per year. That begs the question, “Why would anyone choose once-blooming roses over repeat bloomers?” While once bloomers only bloom once, the single blossoming makes it worth it.

Many species of once-blooming roses will produce up to 50-percent more roses than the repeat bloomers. In fact, people choose once bloomers because many of them can produce the same amount as what repeat bloomers produce in a season.

Still, a lot of people prefer repeat bloomers because they continue to bloom throughout the year, producing ongoing beauty in the garden. Repeat bloomers can be fun because once you cut the flower off a rose bush, it signals to the plant to grow a new stem that produces a flower. Usually, you can expect it to take anywhere from four to 10 weeks for repeat bloomers to bloom again.

Roses are Supposed to Bloom Frequently…Why Don’t Mine?

Provided you bought the repeat bloomers, roses should bloom throughout the summer and into the fall season. First, you could have squirrels that attacked your rose bushes. I wrote about that here. Squirrels, deer, rabbits and other animals love the sweet scent of roses, which brings them straight to your rosebushes.

As a general rule of thumb, your roses should bloom every six weeks. Roses also won’t bloom much in hot weather like in places like Houston, Miami and Phoenix. While these cities experience a longer bloom season, they don’t bloom as often in the summer season.

Don’t apply fertilizer in the hot season because it won’t spur new rose blossoms.

Getting Your Roses to Bloom More Often

Want to spur your roses to bloom more frequently? You will need to fertilize them. Before you do that, however, you will want to cut off the dead blooms. You cut at a 45-degree angle above the leaf cluster.

Scientists classify roses as heavy feeders, which means that they like to feed on fertilizer. Instead of only fertilizing it once in the spring, you can fertilize roses the roses throughout the season every two to four weeks.

Rose gardeners differ in opinion of what fertilizer to use. Liquid fertilizers will give you fast results, but you shouldn’t depend on them too much. Granular fertilizers, on the other hand, act more slowly, but you might think of them as the veggies, a healthier way to feed your roses. Meanwhile, liquid fertilizer classifies as junk food. You might feed it to them once in a while, but you want them to remain healthy.

Some of the most popular choices for fertilizing roses include:

  • Fish fertilizer
  • Compost
  • Manure
  • Alfalfa
  • Epsom salts
  • Bone meal
  • Cottonseed meal
  • Coffee grounds

Avoid spraying fertilizers in temperatures over 85 degrees Fahrenheit. This will help your roses to bloom more often. Remain consistent with your fertilizing schedule, and you should see results with it.

Location, Location, Location

Your rose bushes should receive six to eight hours of sunlight every day. This ensures that they will bloom on time. You want well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter.

What Can Impact the Frequency of Rose Blooms?

Another thing that can impact the frequency of the rose blossoms comes from the climate. As we said before, states like Texas, Florida and California will experience a longer bloom season.

In comparison, Alaska experiences a much shorter grow season, and the rose won’t bloom for as long here. If you choose to grow roses in Alaska, you will want to choose a specific variety like the Arctic rose or the Nootka rose. The Sitka works well here, also.

More Petals Take Longer to Bloom?

How often your rose blooms will depend on the variety, but you can usually expect roses with more petals to take longer between bloomings. Roses with 100 or more petals will normally take much longer to bloom.

Still, a rose with 100 or more petals will last longer than other roses in many cases. They will last for between 10 to 14 days. This will leave your landscape looking more beautiful for longer.

Plan Events in Time with the Blooms

Many skilled party planners will look at when their rose bushes bloom, and they will plan it in time with the roses blooming. Each species will differ, so it helps to understand the general timing before planning it this way.

To plan it skillfully, you will take a spent rose blossom and remove it from the bushes. Write down the date that you removed the bloom. Once the new bloom forms, you will calculate the days it took for the blooms to develop. In that way, you can count backward from the time it took to the last bloom. The number will tell you how many days before the event.


Through knowing your rose’s blooming season, it becomes more than a useful tidbit. You can use it to plan parties, and you can figure out the specific season for when your roses will bloom. Provided you have repeat-bloomers, your roses should bloom every six weeks. Once-blooming roses, on the other hand, will bloom in a specific time frame.

If you’d like to buy an interesting rose trinket, check out the Real Rose with Love You Necklace. It makes for a great gift for an anniversary, birthday or Valentine’s Day.

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Why is My Cactus Shrinking? Learn Why Here!

Unlike other types of plants, cacti can tolerate abuse better than most plants. Still, you have signs that you should pay close attention to because it indicates a problem. One of those signs is a cactus that starts to shrink.

Why is my cactus shrinking? Cacti that shrink mean you need to water them more often. Water your cactus once a week to keep it healthy and away from shrinking. Pay special attention to bone-dry periods and times with higher temperatures when you want to water it extra.

If you’d like to learn more about why cacti shrink, keep reading because we will look at the reasons.

Why Do Cactus Shrink?

Cacti shrink as they lose too much water. They shrink down as a way to conserve water, and during this time, you may see how the cactus feels squishy or hollow. That means that it has begun to lose its water reserves. It doesn’t have the same plumpness because of a lack of water.

Can a Shriveled Cactus Be Saved?

If you notice a cactus that has begun to shrivel and shrink, you want to give it more water. Provided the damage hasn’t gone too far, it will return to its normal state. Be sure to keep watering it regularly to make sure that it remains in healthy condition.

Never think of a shrinking cactus as normal because it indicates a serious problem. You need to address the problem as soon as possible. Usually, shrinking cacti will plump right back up once they receive water. It doesn’t take long, but we’d advise you to know the cause because a shrinking cactus can give you cause for concern if it happens to be pests or root rot.

Not Giving the Cactus Enough Water

The chief cause of a shrinking cactus is the failure to water your plant, which often leads to this. During the dormancy period, which takes place in the winter, your cactus may begin to shrink, but as we said before, it will return to its normal state after.

Healthy cacti, however, don’t usually shrink too much unless it doesn’t receive water, or it has developed some type of disease. You may have the cactus in the wrong growing conditions as well.

Suggested Article: Squirrels Eating Your Roses: Here’s Why

Especially during the spring and summer season, you should water your cactus once a week or even more if it looks like it needs more water.

Certain species of cactus, like the rainforest cacti species, such as epiphytes, Easter cactus and Christmas cactus all require more water than desert cactus species. Always know the type of cactus species that you have for the best results.

Pay attention to humidity as well because most cacti like between 40 to 60 percent humidity. Desert cactus don’t need humidity, however, except when tiny seedlings.

When you water your cactus, you should give it a thorough soaking because this mirrors its natural environment. You soak it one time, but you use soil with proper drainage that won’t hold in the moisture. Soil wet for longer than an hour and a half will damage the roots as it begins to experience root rot. Left untreated, root rot can kill your cactus.


Insects like the coccid soft scale insect can cause your cactus to shrink by sucking the juice out of them. Many times, this pest will cause the cactus to shrivel up and die. While one coccid soft scale won’t impact the health of your cactus, too many of them can kill it as it shrinks.

To kill the soft-scale insect, you can use neem oil. This works well against fungal diseases. Be aware of how as an oil on a plant, it will leave your cactus susceptible to sunburn, especially if you apply generous amounts of it. For that reason, you may want to apply the oil at night.

Mealybugs can cause a cactus to shrink as well. This bug will drink the juices of the cactus until it shrivels up and dies. Mealybugs will leave splotches and discolorations on your cactus. You can kill mealybugs with insecticidal soap. Beware of direct sunlight during this time because your cactus will especially be vulnerable to sunburn.

Shrinking from Fungal Diseases?

The cactus can shrink because of fungal diseases as well. Like we had previously mentioned, you can apply neem oil as a way to address this problem.

You can spot fungal diseases on a cactus easily because it will have a type of rot near the surface of the plant. Overwatered cacti that have moisture remaining in the soil will have the most problem here. As the fungus gains visibility on the outside, you will usually see the cactus shrink beforehand.

To prevent fungal diseases, use soil meant for cactus plants. In fact, I previously wrote about this in my article, “Can You Use Cactus Soil for Regular Plants?” It highlights the differences between cactus soil and regular plant soil, which you may find helpful here.

Fungal diseases can cause your cactus to ooze with soft sores on its surface.

Too Rootbound Can Cause Shrinking?

Believe it or not, cacti can become so rootbound that they don’t take in as much water or as many nutrients. A rootbound cactus usually happens when the plant outgrows its pot.

Expert Tip: Don’t use too big of a pot either because this can slow down the growth of your cactus. You don’t want to trade a shrinking cactus with a cactus that grows too slowly.

Most cacti experts advise that you re-pot your cactus in a pot one size larger than the current pot. You will want to re-pot your cactus every two to three years to prevent it from getting rootbound, which could cause shrinking.

You know your cactus has become rootbound when the roots show up outside of the drainage holes. Too many visible roots near the walls of the pot give you another sign of a highly rootbound cactus. As this limits how much water it can take in, the cactus will begin to shrink because it doesn’t get the amount of water that it needs.

Shrinking from Too Much Sunlight

Yes, believe it or not, the wrong environmental conditions can cause your cactus to shrink. You cactus may be shrinking because of too much sunlight.

In particular, pay close attention to the location. A cactus that sits in the window with direct sunlight has an increased risk of shrinking as the sun burns the plant. Beware of placing it near heat vents as well because this can also cause your cactus to shrink.

Sunburn can also cause your cactus to turn white until it dies. I wrote about that here.

Beware of the Type of Pot Used

In one example, someone used a plastic drinking cup to plant their cactus, and they began to see it shrink. You have a few reasons for this. First, a plastic cup doesn’t have the same amount of aeration as other types of pots.

We would advise that you use anything with a natural material because it dries out faster. You don’t want a cactus to have too much water in it for too long because it can cause root rot, which can also shrink your cactus.

Expert Tip: We would advise you to use a terracotta pot for cactus because it lets the water evaporate from the container faster than what you’d get with other materials. You don’t want the water to remain in the pot for too long.

You could either use terracotta, or you could use glazed. We wouldn’t recommend that you use metallic pots because the container will get too hot in the sun, and it will get too cold otherwise. As you know, heat can also cause your cactus to shrink.

Suggested Article: Why are My Cactus Spines Turning Yellow

Beware of using glass as well. While you can use glass for a short time, make sure that it has drainage holes. In many cases, glass pots don’t have drainage holes, which can lead to root rot. In fact, it doesn’t make a good material for any plant, much less a cactus, which is susceptible to root rot.


In most cases when a cactus begins to shrink or shrivel, it happens because of a lack of water. The first thing that you should do is to examine your watering habits because this can resolve it right away. Once a week should give your cactus enough water to maintain itself. Beware of the other problems as well if that doesn’t seem to address the problem.

If you’d like to add to the cactus theme in your yard or garden, check out the Desert Steel Blue Agave – Metal Cactus Torch. This makes an awesome outdoor sculpture from metal art that was handcrafted. Many people will even think of them as live plants until you light them up.

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